Record Details

Title:
Growth of nano-dots on the grazing-incidence mirror surface under FEL irradiation
Affiliation(s):
EuXFEL staff
Author group:
X-Ray Optics
Keyword(s):
Topic:
Scientific area:
Abstract:
A new phenomenon on X-ray optics surfaces has been observed: the growth of nano-dots (40-55 nm diameter, 8-13 nm height, 9.4 dots $µm^{-2}$ surface density) on the grazing-incidence mirror surface under irradiation by the free-electron laser (FEL) FLASH (5-45 nm wavelength, 3° grazing-incidence angle). With a model calculation it is shown that these nano-dots may occur during the growth of a contamination layer due to polymerization of incoming hydrocarbon molecules. The crucial factors responsible for the growth of nano-dots in the model are the incident peak intensity and the reflection angle of the beam. A reduction of the peak intensity (e.g. replacement of the FEL beam by synchrotron radiation) as well as a decrease of the incident angle by just 1° (from 3° to 2°) may result in the total disappearance of the nano-dots. The model calculations are compared with surface analysis of two FLASH mirrors.
Imprint:
2016
Journal Information:
Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 23 (23), 78-90 (2016)
Special issue name:
photondiag2015 workshop
Related external records:
Language(s):
English


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 Record created 2017-01-09, last modified 2019-01-30

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