Record Details

Title:
Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense x-rays
Affiliation(s):
EuXFEL guest
Author group:
Instrument SPB/SFX
Abstract:
An era of exploring the interactions of high-intensity, hard X-rays with matter has begun with the start-up of a hard-X-ray free-electron laser, the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). Understanding how electrons in matter respond to ultra-intense X-ray radiation is essential for all applications. Here we reveal the nature of the electronic response in a free atom to unprecedented high-intensity, short-wavelength, high-fluence radiation (respectively 10(18) W cm(-2), 1.5-0.6 nm, approximately 10(5) X-ray photons per A(2)). At this fluence, the neon target inevitably changes during the course of a single femtosecond-duration X-ray pulse-by sequentially ejecting electrons-to produce fully-stripped neon through absorption of six photons. Rapid photoejection of inner-shell electrons produces 'hollow' atoms and an intensity-induced X-ray transparency. Such transparency, due to the presence of inner-shell vacancies, can be induced in all atomic, molecular and condensed matter systems at high intensity. Quantitative comparison with theory allows us to extract LCLS fluence and pulse duration. Our successful modelling of X-ray/atom interactions using a straightforward rate equation approach augurs favourably for extension to complex systems.
Imprint:
London [u.a.], Nature Publising Group, 2010
Journal Information:
Nature <London>, Vol. 466, p. 56, 466<56 (2010)
ISSN:
1476-4687
0028-0836
Related external records:
View record in PubMed
DOI: 10.1038/nature09177
WOS: WOS:000279343800034
WOS: WOS:000279343800034
Language(s):
English
Record appears in:


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 Record created 2016-10-11, last modified 2019-02-08

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