Record Details

Title:
Nucleation of dislocations and their dynamics in layered oxide cathode materials during battery charging
Affiliation(s):
XFEL.EU staff, Other
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Topic:
Scientific area:
Abstract:
Lithium-rich layered oxides (LRLO) are among the leading candidates for the next-generation cathode material for energy storage, delivering 50% excess capacity over commercially used compounds. Despite excellent prospects, voltage fade has prevented effective use of the excess capacity, and a major challenge has been a lack of understanding of the mechanisms underpinning the voltage fade. Here, using operando three-dimensional Bragg coherent diffractive imaging, we directly observe the nucleation of a mobile dislocation network in LRLO nanoparticles. The dislocations form more readily in LRLO as compared with a classical layered oxide, suggesting a link between the defects and voltage fade. We show microscopically how the formation of partial dislocations contributes to the voltage fade. The insights allow us to design and demonstrate an effective method to recover the original high-voltage functionality. Our findings reveal that the voltage fade in LRLO is reversible and call for new paradigms for improved design of oxygen-redox active materials.
Imprint:
Nature, 2018
Journal Information:
Nature Energy, 3 (8), 641-647 (2018)
External related publications:
Language(s):
English


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 Record created 2018-10-23, last modified 2018-10-24


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