Record Details

Title:
Layer-resolved magnetic exchange interactions of surfaces of late $3d$ elements: Effects of electronic correlations
Affiliation(s):
EuXFEL staff, Other
Author group:
Theory
Topic:
Scientific area:
Abstract:
We present the results of an $\it {ab}$ $\it {initio}$ study of the magnetic properties of Fe, Co, and Ni surfaces. In particular, we discuss their electronic structure and magnetic exchange interactions $(J_{ij})$, as obtained by means of a combination of density functional theory and dynamical mean-field theory. All studied systems have a pronounced tendency to ferromagnetism both for bulk and surface atoms. The presence of narrowband surface states is shown to enhance the magnetic moment as well as the exchange couplings. The most interesting results were obtained for the Fe surface where the atoms have a tendency to couple antiferromagnetically with each other. This interaction is relatively small when compared to interlayer ferromagnetic interaction, and it depends strongly on the lattice parameter. Local correlation effects are shown to lead to strong changes of the overall shape of the spectral functions. However, they seem not to play a decisive role in the overall picture of magnetic couplings studied here. We have also investigated the influence of correlations on the spin and orbital moments of bulklike and surface atoms. We found that dynamical correlations in general lead to enhanced values of the orbital moment.
Imprint:
American Physical Society, 2015
Journal Information:
Physical Review B, 92 (16), 165129 (2015)
Related external records:
Language(s):
English


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 Record created 2018-07-13, last modified 2018-12-19

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